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European Transport Policies

EU Transport Policy Analysis.pdf

GPI, AUEB


The main aim of all EU policies is to create an integrated market, not only to dismantle internal barriers and provide conditions for fair trade, but also to give it many of the characteristics of an economic and monetary union.

Any national or regional economic growth is strengthened by a competitive and progressive transportation system - system that is geared to the needs of customers and operated as a sustainable network offering high quality and affordable services. To achieve such a system, policies of all levels have to be coordinated and harmonised. This harmonisation supports not only the economic development and trade but also avoids extra costs to the transport system, and improves the capital and labour productivity within the Union.

To accomplish such an economic success, the policy-making plays an essential role. Certainly there are stimuli to policy development that provide the legal base upon which much policy activity occurs. EU “core” policies are the Common Agricultural Policy, the Common Commercial Policy and the Competition Policy that have their roots in the EC Treaty. Nonetheless, it is difficult to say that there is a “standard” EU policy-making process that guarantees the policy development will occur. 

Thus the objective of this study is to review the EU Transport Policy and its channels for policy-making. This includes a summary of progress on existing transport policy documents and policy objectives. We begin the analysis with the White Book’s achievements and finish with the Blue Book’s ones. By doing this, the study focuses on the consistency of policy objectives with all policy instruments, and how they contribute to the development of the EU transportation system.


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   Glossary Terms

 

Decision
A Decision (defined in Article 249/EC) is one of the three binding instruments provided by secondary EU legislation. A decision is a law which is not of general application, but only applies to its particular addressee of the decision.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Union_decision
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Directives
A directive is a legislative act of the European Union. They have a specific regulatory role, applicable only to the member state to whom they are addressed. Once adopted, they give member states a timetable for the implementation of the intended outcome. In the transport sector, there are various Directives.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Directive_(European_Union)
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Objective
It is a desirable change defined in a policy document or in a planning process. Objectives and instruments are conceptually distinct and both are integral to having a policy. Transport authorities are motivated by different objectives - for example, improving transport traffic, reducing noise or accidents.
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Policy actions (Action programmes)
These are desirable actions defined in a policy document. Usually actions are described in detail. DG TREN action programmes cover planned policy actions in all transport modes.
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Policy objective
It is a desirable change defined in a policy document. Usually policy objectives are maximised via implementation of different schemes - for example, reducing congestion as a policy objective could be achieved throught improving alternative transport modes.
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Regulations
A regulation is a legislative act of the EU. They have broader meaning and are applicable in all member states. They are the most direct form of EU law. Once they are passed, they have binding legal force throughout every Member State.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regulation_(European_Union)
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Target
It is a specified, realistic, measurable objective. It is usually described in policy documents such as monetary policy, national macroeconomic policy or EU transport policy papers.
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  Additional Information for EU Transport policy and its instruments
   Journals
  Global Policy Journal
Official Journal of the European Union
Social Europe Journal
American Journal of Political Science
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   Events
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   Experts
  Bojkova Viara
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   Subject News
  17/02/2016 - EC seeks feedback on commitments offered by container liner shipping companies
07/01/2016 - EC proposes amendments to EMSA due to new border package
27/03/2015 - Nations Convene for Arctic Maritime Discussion
05/03/2015 - Europe needs a top-quality shipping sector that can compete internationally says EU Commissioner
19/01/2015 - Shipowners challenge Brussels to listen before legislating
13/01/2015 - Cruise industry welcomes the priorities of the Latvian EU Presidency
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   Linked Topics
  Case Study - Canadian Transportation "Sustainability"
EU Competition Policy

Financing transport resources
 
   Related Documents
  Integrated Maritime Policy for the EU - EC priorities
Integrated Maritime Policy for the EU - EC priorities
Globalisation, Transport and the Environment.pdf
Summary_of_Consultation_on_Sustainable_Future for Transport.pdf
Shaping Transport Policy 2009_executive_summary.pdf
Mid-term Review COM(06) 314.pdf
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   Lessons Learned
  No data available  
   Information Sources
  Google News Transport
Japan International Transport Institute, Washington DC
EUROPE direct
EUtube
FUTURE of TRANSPORT - European strategies
EUROPA - summaries of legislation
International Transport Forum
Transport Research Knowledge Centre
Debate Europe
Activities of the European Union
DG MOVE
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   Related Projects
  INGINEUS,  
   Related Policies
  Europe 2020 Economic strategy
Environmental Sustainability
EU Maritime Transport Strategy 2018
 
   Related Products
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