EU Maritime Transport Policies

   Directives for Labour


Directive 1999/95/EC

In 1995 the International Maritime Organisation adopted a revised Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW Convention), which notably provides for:

  • minimum daily rest periods of ten hours every 24 hours, which cannot be split into more than two periods, and including one consecutive six-hour period at least ;
  • weekly rest time of at least 70 hours.

In 1996 the International Labour Organisation adopted Convention 180 concerning seafarers' hours of work and the manning of ships and the Protocol to the Merchant Shipping (Minimum Standards) Convention of 1976.

In 1999, at European level, the Council has adopted Directive
1999/63/EC giving effect to the agreement between the European Shipowners' Association (ECSA) and the federation of European transport workers' trade unions (FETT) signed on 30 September 1998. This agreement concerns seafarers' hours of work on board ships flying a flag of a Member State of the European Union. It is supplemented by the current directive so as to extend its scope to third-country ships using Community ports and to ensure that all seafarers enjoy a comparable level of protection in the field of health and safety.

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